2021年同等学力申硕《英语》真题及答案(部分)

  2021同等学力申硕英语真题及答案:写作(二卷)

  Part Ⅴ Text Completion

  PartⅥ Writing (15points) :

  Direction:Write a composition in no less than 150 words on the topic:Why machine translationcan/can not fully replace human translators . You could write according to the hints given below .Write your composition on the Answers heet.   Machines are replacing in different areas of the workforce . The technology of machinetranslation is also getting better with time . What is your opinion about this issue ? Think of the issue in terms of speed , accuracy and performance .

  作文:以下范文思路的扩展仅供参考。参考范文1(12-13分):

  When it comes to the issue of machine translation , different people have different attitudestowards it. Some people believe that machine translation can fully replace human translators while other people argue that it can’t.   Generally speaking , the advantages of machine translation can be seen clearly in the following aspects .Firstly, machine translation is more efficient by using advanced technology .   Translation software is able to produce a large volume of contents within seconds while human   translation takes much longer .Secondly, machine translating save costs and time . Translation appsare available to any smartphone user and people can use the many time .   However ,as the proverb goes ,everycoinhastwosides. Machine translation may involveword-to-word translation without fully comprehending the context s, which might cause ambiguity   and mistakes .Moreover, based on human experience or mental perspectives , human translationcreates translation works with greater accuracy .

  From what has been discussed above ,it is safe for me to draw the conclusion that machine

  translation can not fully replace human translators .

  2021同等学力申硕英语真题及答案:完型填空

  2021年同等学力英语真题 IV Cloze(10points)一卷

  Directions :In this part, there is a passage with tenblanks. For each blank there are four choicesmarked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answeron the AnswerS heet.

  Andrew Carnegie, known as the King of Steel, built the steel industry in the United States,and, in the process, became one of the 46meninAmerica.His success resulted in part from hisability to sell the product and in_47_from his policy of expanding during periods of economicdecline, when most of his competitors were 48theirinvestments.   Carnegie believed that individuals should progress through hard work, 49_he also feltstrongly that the wealthy should use their fortunes for the_50_of society .He opposed charity,preferring instead to provide educational opportunities that would allow others to help_51."Hewho dies rich, dies disgraced, "he often said .   Among his more noteworthy contributions to society are those that 52_his name, includingthe Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, which has a library, a museum of fine arts, and a museum ofnational history .Healso53a school of technology that is now part of Carnegie-Mellon UniversityOther phil anthro phic gifts are the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to promoteunderstanding between nations, the Carnegie Institute of Washington to _ 54 scientific research, andCarnegie Hall to provide a center for the arts .   Few Americans havebeen55 untouched by Andrew Carnegie's generosity .Hiscontributions of more than five million dollars established 2.500 libraries in small communitiesthroughout the country and formed the nucleus of the public library system that we all enjoy today

  46.A. wealthB. wealthy C. wealthier D. wealthiest

  47.A. total B.al C. part D.sum

  48.A. increase B. increasing C. reducing D

  49.A. however B. because C.as D.but

  50.A. valueB. advantages C. benefit D. profit

  51.A. themselves B. eachother C.him D. others

  52.A.echo B.bear C. remember D.

  53.A. founded B. recovery C. built D.

  54.A. fundedB.fund C. create D. contribute

  55.A. grown B. left C. influenced D

  参考答案:46-50:DCCDC51-55:ABABB

  Part Ⅴ Text Completion

  TextTwoA.fillB. varietyC. include

A. 62 roots grasses, fruit, and barkB. 63 their trunks with waterC. use a wide 64 of sounds Asian elephants live in the tropical forests and grasslands of southeast Asia. Their ideal meals 65 . Much of Asian elephants’ time is spent searching for food. Actually these animals may travel 50 miles a day to find food. Asian elephants also enjoy taking dips in the water. To cool down their backsides, the animals will 66 and spray it over themselves like a hose.

  Asian elephants are gentle and super-social. Related animals live with their young in herds adult males go off on their own. For communication with each other, they67. Some of their vocalizations can be heard more than a mile away.

  Text Three

  A. replacedB. watchingC. letterD. write

  A. playing video games or68televisionB.69by email instant, messaging and social mediaC. taken the time to sit down and70somethingD. receiving a71in the post

Not too long ago, many children enjoyed reading a good book in their spare time. Nowadays, adolescents are more likely to be seen 72 . Some people even claim the can’t go without watching their favorite TV programme—which is a bit extreme! Similarly, sending letters has become a thing of the past. It has been 73 . I think this is a huge shame; for me, there is nothing better than 74 . It shows someone has 75 ; this is much more personal than a conversation online. For some people—especially the older generation—new methods of communication aren’t so accessible.

  参考答案:

  62-67:CABABC

  68-75:BADCABDC

  2021同等学力考试英语真题及答案:二卷翻译

  Part VITranslation (10points)   Directions : Translate the following passage into Chinese . Write your answer on theAnswerS heet.

  Our lives would be remarkably limited without language .Our social interactionsrely very heavily on language .We are considerably more knowledgeable than peopleof previous generations because knowledge passed on from one generation to the nextvia language .

  What is language ? According to Harley, it is a system of symbols and rules thatenable us to communicate . Symbols are things that stand for other things : Words,either written or spoken, are symbols . The rules specify how words are ordered toformsentences . Communication is the primary function of language .Wecanuselanguage for thinking, to record information, to express emotion, and soon.

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